The Foundation Stage

Nursery and Reception access the Early Years Foundation Stage (EYFS) curriculum. These are a set of standards for the learning, development and care of your child from birth to 5 years old. Children engage in learning through first hand experiences that foster investigation and enquiry. The EYFS curriculum is made up of 7 areas of learning: 3 prime and 4 specific.

Prime Areas

The prime areas of the EYFS are: Personal, Social and Emotional Development, Communication and Language and Physical Development.

Personal, Social and Emotional Development is vital in the Foundation Stage. Through every day learning, we support the children in making strong relationships with their peers and familiar adults and encourage them to become confident and independent young people. At all times, adults support and model appropriate behaviour to promote positive relationships within the classroom; this is in reinforced during circle times and small group activities. The children are encouraged to recognise and celebrate personal achievements, however small, and those of their peers. Each class has a reward system in place that celebrates the small but significant steps along a child’s personal foundation stage journey.

To promote a rich and varied vocabulary, we provide a language rich environment, which gives opportunities for children to experience new and imaginative vocabulary. We plan specific activities to upscale the children’s vocabulary which is illustrated daily through book sharing, role-play, child initiated activities and when using the outdoor area. Specifically in Nursery, the children have daily opportunities to expand their language through the use of a language rich environment, where the children are immersed in high quality language linking to various themes and interests. Teaching sessions happen daily, this is where children share learning and experiences, accessing opportunities to develop their use of language.

To further deepen the understanding of children’s learning, staff in Foundation stage use questioning to allow children to talk about their experiences and to extend children’s thinking. The use of questioning also encourage children to use a wider range of vocabulary to form longer, more complex sentences. Where children have limited vocabulary and struggle to answer questions, adults will scaffold appropriate responses to allow all children to respond.

Physical Development, is a fundamentally important skill which underpins all aspects of children’s early experiences. If children learn to move with control and coordination; to balance and climb; to move with agility and self-expression they are likely to be more successful learners throughout their school lives. When you come into EYFS, don’t be surprised if you are asked to join in with our daily fine motor sessions. Children in Reception also have focused fine motor tasks in small groups before focused writing.

Our outdoor area is an extension of our indoor learning environment. This gives the children opportunities to climb, balance, and develop their gross motor skills by manoeuvring in and out of equipment. All children have access to scooters/ bikes/ balance bikes to promote gross motor development; continuous outdoor provision provides opportunities for motor skills sessions. Reception children also have weekly PE sessions with an external coach to further develop their physical and listening skills as well as teamwork.

Specific Areas

The specific areas of the EYFS are: Literacy, Mathematics, Understanding the World and Expressive Arts and Design


During teaching sessions, the children in Foundation Stage experience a range of Talk 4 Writing techniques, allowing them access to story structure and playing with rhyme. Literacy lessons are tailored around key stories, which are then enhanced within provision, allowing children to develop story telling skills during self-initiated play.

Each week we become ‘Talk Detectives’ and investigate words and their meanings. We also have ‘Word of the Day’, which is taken from a story focus, which the children read, explore the meaning in context and then put into a sentence.

Children in Foundation Stage access daily phonics sessions through Letters and Sounds, where they learn to articulate pure letter sounds through a range of multisensory activities.

As the year progresses, Nursery will start to take nursery rhyme books home, Reception move on to phonetically decodable books and apply their phonic skills when accessing continuous provision through reading labels, captions, instructions and other text in the environment.


Children if Nursery are supported in developing ‘pre-writing’ skills by exercising and strengthening their fingers in activities including cutting and sticking, pouring, manipulating playdough, using tweezers etc.

Foundation Stage work with Motor On as well as do a weekly Dough Disco sessions, where children manipulate playdough to music, this further develops fine motor skills and strength required for good hand control.

Mark making is the next step towards successful early writing. Children are encouraged to use a variety of different writing materials on a variety of scales. This could be writing on a post it note or making gigantic marks on the playground; it could be using brushes or magic wands.

The importance of this mark making practice is to embed fluent movement which will eventually lead to forming recognisable letters. In addition to this daily practice, there are finger gym activities throughout the provision and purposeful writing in each learning environment.

By the end of the Foundation Stage, many children can write short, simple sentences independently and read simple words and sentences.


Early maths is taught through games, song and exploration. In Nursey we concentrate on the language of maths through child initiated play, simple challenges, questioning and stories. In addition, we deliver a daily maths session to consolidate and extend learning concepts.

In Reception, we build on the children’s early experiences through a mastery approach to maths, which encourages children to use manipulative resources, like cubes and counters, to solve a range of problems. We ensure that children are fluent with: counting, ordering, adding and subtracting, doubling, halving and sharing before we challenge them to use their reasoning and problem-solving skills. Children also explore 2d and 3d shapes, measuring equipment and start to use the language for a range of mathematical concepts like time and money. We also take part in daily maths sessions, both whole class and focused activities.

Understanding the World

In Understanding the World, children are encouraged to be curious and explore natural materials and learn about living things and compare different places. Our theme s are chosen carefully, to exploit the children’s own experiences and interests which are vast and varied. They learn about technology, using computers and programmable toys and the wider application of technology in everyday life. Moreover, they learn about people and communities, including the local area; how they are different or similar to their friends and they learn about and celebrate other cultures. Reception access termly sessions with the local Priest to learn about the Bible and diversity in the local community.

Expressive Arts and Design (EAD)

EAD is a fundamental area to develop in Early Years as it gives the children the foundations to underpin their own identity and enables them to develop self-expression and self-confidence.

We plan opportunities for art to be developed in the outdoor provision as well as using the immersive suite to help stimulate ideas. This gives the children the opportunity to create art on a large scale which will allow further development of the vital core gross and motor skills.

Children are given the opportunity to use their skills imaginatively in Expressive Arts and Design. They are given the opportunity to explore and use media and materials such as paint, clay and construction equipment. Children are also encouraged to be imaginative in areas such as role-play, art and dance as part of the continuous provision. In EYFS, we also learn about different artists and create our own interpretation of their work. Both classes enjoy taking part in a weekly music session which explores rhyme, rhythm and patterns.

Children in the Foundation Stage engage in high quality learning experiences both indoors and outdoors. Their learning and progress is tracked through observations and photographs which can be found in their learning journals.

This year, we will be holding ‘Open Classroom’ sessions for parents/carers focusing on phonics, reading, writing and maths.

See our class pages to find out more about the daily routine for F1 and F2